Annotated Bibliography

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Taber, Stephen Welton. Natural History Series, No. 29. College Station, Texas: Texas A & M University Press. 2000. NetLibrary. M. M. Bennett Lib., St. Petersburg College. 10 October2002. <>

I read the online version of this book. I started my search at the St. Petersburg College On-Library site at I accessed E-books doing a subject search on ants. My search then bought me to NetLibrary at Of the four books available to me, I selected Taber's book Fire Ants. This book explains the origin of fire ants, their destructive powers as well as their positive influence on nature. Because this book comes from a university press, I felt that it could be counted on to be a credible and reliable source.

"Researchers Abuzz Over Plant Repellent." (No author) HerbalGram Summer 1990, Issue 23: p8. Database: Alt Health Watch, M.M. Bennett Lib., St. Petersburg College. 10 October 2002. <>

Through the St. Petersburg College Online site, I was able to access the Alt Health Watch database. I started at the periodical database search at Here I selected the subject Science and then selected the database Alt Health Watch where I did a search for peer reviewed articles on ants and came up with the article "Researchers Abuzz over Plant Repellent" which tells the story of a researcher walking in a woods in Lake Placid, Florida noticing that a plant in the mint family, unlike most plants in the surrounding area, seemed free of any insect damage. This plant Diceranda frutescens contains a compound called trans-pulegol that seems to repel ants and other insects. I wonder if some chemical extracted from this plant could not be used to rub on the skin to repel fire ants. The article was written more than ten years ago. Perhaps further research will lead me to discover if an extract from this plant has, indeed, been incorporated into ant repellent.

Rapini, Ronald P. "Fire Ant Bites." E Medicine web site. January 17, 2002

I used the St. Petersburg College search engine page at I selected the Advanced Search option in Google, doing a phrase search on "fire ant bites". This search resulted in five hits, including the "Fire Ants Bites" article by Dr. Rapini. This article discusses the effects of red ant bites, including the fact that more than eighty people have died from them. I was surprised to learn that fire ants are not native to the United States but are thought to have arrived here in the 1930s on a South American freighter that docked in Mobile, Alabama. The fire ant is resistant to control efforts and has managed to infest over 310 million acres of land. What is most valuable about this source is that it comes from the E Medicine Web site that claims that all its articles are subjected to four levels of peer review which means that it is evaluated for reliability by other professionals in the field, in this case, other physicians. Often instructors require that students only use internet sources in their reports that have been peer reviewed. By discovering E Medicine, I have found a Web site that will prove valuable in my future research paper assignments.

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